All the pieces it’s worthwhile to find out about Udupi Ramachandra Rao- Know-how Information, Alenz

All the pieces it’s worthwhile to find out about Udupi Ramachandra Rao- Know-how Information, Alenz

At the moment is the 89th delivery anniversary of Udupi Ramachandra Rao, who’s often known as ‘India’s Satellite tv for pc Man’ or the ‘Father of Indian Satellite tv for pc Program’. He was concerned within the growth of 20 satellites and helped advance India’s rocket expertise. He was the Chairman of the Indian Area Analysis Organisation (ISRO) and Chairman of the Governing Council of Bodily Analysis Laboratory (PRL). He has revealed over 360 scientific and technical papers in varied journals. He’s additionally the creator of three books with area and Earth as the primary matter.

PRL is the premier institute for learning area science and allied sciences. It was based by Dr Vikram Sarabhai in 1947. Rao was Sarabhai’s protégé, as he labored below Sarabhai in PRL and was additionally his doctoral advisor.

Life and accomplishments

Rao was born in 1932 in a village in Karnataka to Lakshminarayana Acharya and Krishnaveni Amma. After ending his major (in Adamaru) and secondary (Christian Excessive Faculty, Udupi) schooling, Rao graduated with a Bachelor’s diploma in Science from Authorities Arts and Science School, Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh. He acquired his Grasp’s diploma from the Banaras Hindu College, Varanasi and a doctorate from the Bodily Analysis Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad.

He labored within the US, first as a Submit-Doctoral Fellow at MIT from 1961 to 1963, after which as an Assistant Professor on the College of Texas at Dallas from 1963 to 1966. He additionally labored with NASA, conducting experiments on its Pioneer and Explorer spacecraft.

Rao went on to develop into the Chairman of the Nehru Planetarium at Bengaluru, and of the Indian Institute for Area Science and Know-how (IIST) at Thiruvananthapuram. He was Co-chair of the Nationwide Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Analysis in Goa, and the primary chairman of Prasar Bharati. He was additionally the fourth President of the Governing Physique of the Centre for Area Physics and later modified its identify to Indian Centre for Area Physics resulting from its nationwide significance, in line with an ISRO report.

NASA’s Pioneer and Explorer spacecraft

Whereas not a lot is thought about his work at NASA, we do know that he carried out experiments that helped in finessing the spacecrafts. His experiments additionally led to a greater understanding of the photo voltaic cosmic-ray phenomena and the electromagnetic state of the interplanetary area.

 Indias satellite man: Everything you need to know about Udupi Ramachandra Rao

Artist illustration of the second a part of the Pioneer probes. Picture credit score: NASA/Ames Analysis Middle

The Pioneer spacecraft Missions are a two-part mission – the primary Pioneer mission was presupposed to go to the moon and it was semi-successful. The second a part of this mission was comparatively fairly profitable, with eight spacecrafts going past the Earth’s orbit and two leaving the photo voltaic system.

The Explorer 1 was the primary satellite tv for pc launched by the US in 1958. The Explorer collection included 4 different satellites that have been additionally launched, with Explorer 3 and 4 efficiently reaching orbit and Explorer 2 and 5 failing.

Satellite tv for pc Program in India

Based in 1969 by Sarabhai, ISRO was India’s enterprise into area and having an Indian area program. In 1972, Rao initiated the satellite tv for pc program in ISRO and was the venture director until 1975 when the primary Indian satellite tv for pc ‘Aryabhata’ was launched. Below his steerage, over 18 satellites have been designed and launched by ISRO. These satellites have been used for offering communication, distant sensing and meteorological providers.

Aryabhata was India's first satellite to launch into space. Image credit: ISRO

Aryabhata was India’s first satellite tv for pc to launch into area. Picture credit score: ISRO

In response to an ISRO report, Rao was instrumental within the ideation and growth of “the experimental distant sensing satellites, BHASKARA 1&2, ROHINI D2 and satellites within the SROSS collection”. He additionally had a hand in growing the Indian Distant Sensing Satellites (IRS) for pure sources & environmental purposes; the communication satellite tv for pc, APPLE and the Indian Nationwide Satellites (INSAT) for communication purposes.

Rocket expertise

It was throughout his time as Chairman of ISRO (1984 – 1994) that the area company labored on the Augmented Satellite tv for pc Launch Automobile (ASLV) and the Polar Satellite tv for pc Launch Automobile (PSLV). Rao additionally initiated the event of India’s geostationary launch automobile GSLV and cryogenic expertise.

The PSLV-C48 rocket stands at SHAR Shriharikota launch pad. Image credit: ISRO

The PSLV-C48 rocket stands at SHAR Sriharikota launch pad. Picture credit score: ISRO

The ASLV is a launch automobile, with a five-stage solid-fuel rocket that was used to put 150 kg satellites into Decrease Earth Orbit. The primary rocket was launched in 1987 and was solely used to launch 4 payloads.

The PSLV is India’s third-generation launch automobile, and it is the primary Indian rocket outfitted with liquid levels. It has 4 levels and was in flight in 1993. It will probably launch satellites upto 3,800 kg into LEO, 1,750 kg to sun-synchronous orbit (SSO), 1,425 kg to Sub-geostationary switch orbit (Sub-GTO) and 1,300 kg to GTO.

Positions held


  • 1984 – 1994 Chairman, Area Fee/Secretary, Division of Area, Authorities of India & Chairman,
  • Indian Area Analysis Organisation (ISRO), Bangalore
  • 1981 – 2001 Member, Area Fee, Authorities of India
  • 1997 – 2000 Chairman, United Nations – Committee on Peaceable Makes use of of Outer Area (UN-COPUOS)
  • 1975 – 1984 Director, ISRO Satellite tv for pc Centre, Bangalore
  • 1994 – 1999 Dr. Vikram Sarabhai Distinguished Professor of the Division of Area
  • 1972 – 1975 Mission Director, Indian Scientific Satellite tv for pc Mission, Bangalore
  • 1969 – 1972 Professor, Bodily Analysis Laboratory, Ahmedabad
  • 1966 – 1969 Affiliate Professor, Bodily Analysis Laboratory, Ahmedabad


  • 1996-1999- Chairman of the UN Committee on Peaceable Makes use of of Outer Area
  • 1986-1992- Vice President, Worldwide Astronautical Federation
  • 1988- Committee for Liaison with Growing Nations of IAF
  • 1997-2000- Chairman, United Nations – Committee on Peaceable Makes use of of Outer Area

Awards and accolades

Here’s a checklist of a few of the awards Rao was honoured with:

  • 2017- Padma Vibhushan
  • 2016- Prof. U.R. Rao turned the primary Indian Area Scientist to be inducted into the extremely Prestigious “IAF Corridor of Fame” at Guadalajara, Mexico
  • 2013- Prof. U.R. Rao turned the primary Indian Area Scientist to be inducted into the extremely Prestigious “Satellite tv for pc Corridor of Fame” at Washington DC, USA
  • 2008- Jawaharlal Nehru Delivery Centenary Award for 2007-2008 from ISCA
  • 2007- Life Time Achievement Award of Indian Area Analysis Organisation
  • 1996- Vikram Sarabhai Medal of COSPAR
  • 1995- Aryabhata Award
  • 1995- Jawaharhal Nehru Award
  • 1994- P.C. Chandra Puraskar Award
  • 1993- Meghnad Saha Medal
  • 1991- Yuri Gagarin Medal of USSR
  • 1976- Padma Bhushan
  • 1975- Medal of Honour by Academy of Sciences, USSR
  • 1975- Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award
  • 1973- Group Achievement Award by NASA, USA

Additionally learn: Google Doodle celebrates the 89th birthday of India’s satellite tv for pc man – Udupi Ramachandra Rao

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