Mobile phone call: Article: Bill Gates’ prediction finally came true – first mobile phone call completes 75 years

Mobile phone call: Article: Bill Gates’ prediction finally came true – first mobile phone call completes 75 years

Saurabh Karandikar

On June 17, 2021, the world’s first mobile phone call turned 75 years old and the character of Om Puri from the movie ‘Aunty 420’ came to mind. He cherishes his owner’s (Amrish Puri’s) cellular phone like a boil on the palm of his hand, swears by the cellular, and does not allow the cellular to be harmed by the goons! Annoyed by his constant cellular stories, Amrish Puri finally asked him, ‘Don’t be cellular, become God?’ He asks.

Cellular or mobile phone and our relationship has changed in the last 75 years. Earlier, mobile phones, which seemed to be the magic of technology, gradually became ‘Shrimanti That’, ‘Sour Grape’, ‘Navyachi Navlai’, ‘Parmeshwar’, ‘Sattachi Katkat’, ‘Kshanabar Virangula’ and ‘Irreplaceable Addiction’. Today, however, the title ‘Oxygen’ would be more appropriate for him. Although there are signs that cell phones will change in the future, their place in our lives does not seem to change much now.

On June 17, 1948, a man traveling from St. Louis, Missouri, USA, made his first cell phone call from his cell phone. (There is no record of him being fined by the traffic police for that. Anyway.) Over the next two years, the facility became available in about 100 cities in the United States. The fare for that service was डॉलर 15 a month (now around Rs. 1,000). Apart from that, a call costs around 35 cents (now around Rs. 350). At that time, this facility was used only by truck transport companies and some journalists. All these phones were connected from a tower erected in the center of each city. But only 5-6 customers can communicate with each other at a time. Getting a mobile phone number was a sign of prestige in those days; Because there were also technical restrictions on how many phones there should be in a city.

In fact, these phones were not as mobile phones as they are today. It would be more appropriate to call them ‘two way radio’. From 1894, Marconi, an Italian researcher, began working on the concept of wireless communication using radio waves. From 1900 to 1906, several attempts were made to establish a dialogue across the Atlantic Ocean; But he did not succeed. “War is the mother of many inventions,” he lamented. During World War I, radio waves began to be used for military communications. However, it was not until the dawn of the 1920’s that mobile technology became commonplace. The first mobile phone service was introduced in 1926 for first class passengers traveling from Berlin to Hamburg on the German Dachshund Rikbahan.

Today, what we call ‘cellular’ phones (‘cell’ means interconnected launch towers) has been researched by American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T) technicians since the 1940’s. In 1973, Martin Cooper of Motorola introduced the world’s first mobile phone that could be carried anywhere. Named Diana Tack, the phone weighed about two kilograms. I first saw this phone in 1995 at a small business. The householder used to rent cars. He used to say jokingly, “This phone can also be used as a weapon if you get stuck while traveling in Adgaon at night!” “If we talk on the phone all day, there’s no need to go to the gym,” he said. He was very proud of the versatility of his mobile phone. Japan’s NTT first established a mobile network on a commercial basis in 1979. Some European countries built their own networks within a few years. The foundation of the GSM technology on which our mobiles run today was laid in 1987. In 1991, Finland came to ‘To G’ (Scam fame). In short, the strong foundation of technology has been laid over the last few decades. However, mobile phones started arriving in our country in the early morning of 1995.

The first mobile phone call in India was made on July 31, 1995. West Bengal Chief Minister Jyoti Basu interacted with Telecom Minister Sukhram from Kolkata. Australian company Telstra and Indian company B. K. The call was made possible by Modi’s concerted efforts. At that time, such calls would go up from Rs 8 per minute to Rs 16 per minute if mobile traffic increased. Incoming and outgoing – that is, the caller, as well as the caller. Besides, the handset used to cost around Rs 40,000 (today’s Rs 2 lakh). So not everyone could afford a mobile phone. The world’s first ‘missed call’ may have been made during this period. The phone rang, but if he hadn’t picked it up, the money wouldn’t have fallen. So, many got used to making such symbolic calls at the appointed time, ‘If there are so many rings and the phone is switched off, assume that it is mine and do something, or come to some place,’ etc. Today, with the advent of money, data packs and free calls, the practice of making missed calls is not over.

If mobile phones were once used only for talking, the present generation will surely drive you crazy. Today, it is better to send a message than to speak. The world’s first (at least recorded) SMS was sent to Britain in 1992. Neil Papworth, who created the messaging service for Vodafone, sent a ‘Merry Christmas’ message to a Vodafone official named Richard Jarvis. Richard was stunned at the Christmas party in the office. And he may not have read Neil’s message right away. Primitive man drew pictures on the walls of the cave to exchange ideas. Those pictures were inscribed on human progress; Letters were born and the same letters were incorporated into mobiles. But God must not have seen this. In 1999, Japanese designer Shigetaka Kurita created a hieroglyph called Emoji. Human emotions were captured in small smileys. Today, emojis have become a staple of mobile messaging, and people are once again using pictures to convey their thoughts and feelings.

Mobile phones were used in the 1990’s to send only sounds, letters, and pictures; But a remarkable integration of technology changed that picture forever. Computer technology was becoming more and more advanced. The computer chip was becoming more and more subtle. The idea of ​​a computer the size of a mavel in hand was going strong. In his 1995 book, The Road Ahead, Bill Gates, the founder of Microsoft, predicted that the next step in the development of computers would be “an affordable, one-handed, one-way device and still connected to the Internet.” The integration of computers and mobile phones was a formality. The phone was transformed into a smartphone. IBM launched the Simon computer-phone in 1994. Apart from IBM and Microsoft, Nokia, Hewlett Packard and Apple were all working on their handheld devices. Meanwhile, the BlackBerry was born. It was possible to send and reply to e-mails related to office work through mobile. Office work came out of the office. And now it’s just impossible to shut down this ‘genie’ once again. (Corona is just an excuse. Smartphone is the real reason).

Digital cameras and mobiles were integrated in 2000 in South Korea and Japan. At that time, digital cameras used to take photos as big as 0.11 to 0.35 megapixels (!). When ‘Bluetooth’ and ‘WiFi’ technologies were developed, where did such photos really start? Today, a photo was posted on social media, which spread like wildfire and it was impossible to stop sharing. In those days, however, photos were stored on those mobile phones.

Then in 2003, 3G technology was developed. The Internet has brought smartphones closer together. In 2007, Apple introduced the iPhone. The apps in it started evolving over time. Today your phone finds the address for you, shows you the direction of travel, brings you the information you need in the form of pictures, visuals, sounds (and still words). Listens to songs, shows movies, entertains us. Then in 2016 games like ‘Pokemon Go’ came on mobile. This raised suspicions as to whether the enemy nations were collecting personal and environmental information. ‘Nothing is left as privacy,’ was the nod, but from time to time we began to ‘accept’ without reading the ‘terms and conditions’ so that various apps on mobile could be used for free. We started allowing app companies to use your preferences, your geographic location, your shopping information, and other personal information.

In short your mobile phone began to recognize you more than yourself. Even if you have an idea of ​​all this, you can’t get rid of it from your mobile. Your umbilical cord is permanently attached to it. During the Coronation period, mobile phones became schools, offices, markets, clubs, banks, department stores, drug stores. What’s more, it has become a means of attending family functions, such as weddings. Many psychiatrists say that mobile addiction should be taken seriously. Parents who are worried that their children’s ‘screen time’ has increased, are using mobile phones to help their children get a comprehensive education and guidance for the next life. Even in the post-tax era, these interpretations and problems of mobile phones are unlikely to change.

The mobile is called ‘Black Mirror’ as it constantly looks at the frame of the mobile. Research is now underway on how to get rid of this framework. Google’s ‘Project Soli’ is developing a system that can be used to communicate with mobile phones using radar technology. So in the future we will use mobile; But he probably won’t even have to take it in hand! Even though it is 75 years since the first mobile phone call, we still ‘speak’ on mobile phones, which is an admirable thing. 100 years after that incident, we may have been using some other means of human communication and calling mobile ‘phone’ has been forgotten.

(The author works in the field of user experience design and technology.)

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