NASA shares picture of supernova remnant RCW 103 captured by Chandra- Know-how Information, Alenz

By | January 22, 2021

NASA shares picture of supernova remnant RCW 103 captured by Chandra- Know-how Information, Alenz

NASA has shared a blinding picture of a supernova captured by the Chandra X-ray Observatory telescope. NASA shared the picture on its Instagram web page, writing, “The intense supply on the centre of supernova remnant RCW 103 is a neutron star. Matter in a neutron star is packed collectively so tightly {that a} sugar-cube-sized quantity of neutron star materials would weigh a couple of billion tons — roughly the burden of Mount Everest!” Based on a assertion by Chandra X-Ray Observatory, the compact supply on the centre of RCW 103 is the stays of a supernova explosion positioned about 9,000 light-years from Earth.

 NASA shares image of supernova remnant RCW 103 captured by Chandra

This composite picture reveals RCW 103 and its central supply 161348-5055 in three bands of X-rays detected by Chandra with low, medium, and high-energy X-rays coloured crimson, inexperienced, and blue respectively. Picture credit score: NASA/CXC/College of Amsterdam/N.Rea et al; Optical: DSS

 

Within the picture, there are three bands of X-ray mild detected by Chandra. The bottom power X-rays from Chandra are crimson, the medium band is inexperienced, whereas blue denotes the highest-energy X-rays. The intense blue X-ray supply in the midst of RCW 103 is named its central supply – 1E 1613.

RCW 103 based on a press release by Chandra crew is likely one of the most “excessive pulsars, or rotating neutron stars, ever detected”.

Some time again astronomers had agreed that 1E 1613 is a neutron story and now they’ve found that it really could be a extremely magnetized neutron star (magnetar). Nevertheless, the period of time it takes to spin is 1000’s of occasions longer than any pulsar ever noticed. In 2016, an instrument aboard NASA’s Swift telescope captured the discharge of a brief burst of X-rays from 1E 1613. The supply exhibited intense, extraordinarily fast fluctuations which are just like magnetars.

Magnetars possess essentially the most highly effective magnetic fields within the Universe and may erupt with huge quantities of power.

Information from a trio of excessive power telescopes and archival knowledge from Chandra, Swift and ESA’s XMM-Newton confirmed that 1E 1613 has the properties of a magnetar, making it solely the thirtieth identified magnetar.

 


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