Russia’s Baikal-GVD underwater telescope to look into the depths of the universe- Know-how Information, Alenz
Agence France-PresseMar 16, 2021 10:00:07 IST
Russian scientists on Saturday launched one of many world’s largest underwater house telescopes to look deep into the universe from the pristine waters of Lake Baikal. The deep underwater telescope, which has been beneath building since 2015, is designed to look at neutrinos, the smallest particles at the moment identified. Dubbed Baikal-GVD, the telescope was submerged to a depth of 750-1,300 meters (2,500-4,300 toes), round 4 kilometres from the lake’s shore. Neutrinos are very exhausting to detect and water is an efficient medium for doing so.
The floating observatory consists of strings with spherical glass and stainless-steel modules connected to them.
On Saturday, scientists noticed the modules being fastidiously lowered into the freezing waters by way of an oblong gap within the ice.
“A neutrino telescope measuring half a cubic kilometre is located proper beneath our toes,” Dmitry Naumov of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Analysis advised AFP whereas standing on the lake’s frozen floor.
In a number of years the telescope will probably be expanded to measure one cubic kilometre, Naumov stated.
The Baikal telescope will rival Ice Dice, an enormous neutrino observatory buried beneath the Antarctic ice at a US analysis station on the South Pole, he added.
🔭The #Baikal🌊 deep underwater neutrino telescope ‘Baikal-GVD’ was submerged to a depth of 700-1300 m at Lake Baikal.
— Russia 🇷🇺 (@Russia) March 14, 2021
Russian scientists say the telescope is the most important neutrino detector within the Northern Hemisphere and Lake Baikal — the most important freshwater lake on the earth — is right for housing the floating observatory.
On 13 March 2021, a ceremonial launch of the most important within the Northern hemisphere deep underwater neutrino telescope Baikal-GVD was held !!! https://t.co/chObPj5OUJ pic.twitter.com/FRCbj8WjvT
— JINR (@Joint_Institute) March 13, 2021
“After all, Lake Baikal is the one lake the place you may deploy a neutrino telescope due to its depth,” Bair Shoibonov of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Analysis advised AFP. “Freshwater can be vital, water readability too. And the truth that there may be ice cowl for two-two and a half months can be essential.”
The telescope is the results of a collaboration between scientists from the Czech Republic, Germany, Poland, Russia and Slovakia.
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